Heating your home during the winter is an important aspect of protecting your health, ensuring comfort, and providing reliable heat. The fact is, experiencing mechanical failures or heating problems is undesirable, but learning more about your system will allow you to better understand its features and troubleshoot any inefficiencies or difficulties. Here’s a guide that explains the basics of these appliances, including the importance of furnace repair, to better prepare you for the cold months ahead.
Furnaces are Modern Technological Marvels
Gas-fired, forced-air furnaces warm your home by igniting gas or propane in the burner. Flames add warmth to a heat exchanger, which transfers the heat to incoming air before it is pushed through ducts to distribute it throughout the house.
Upon entering a room, warm air displaces cold, dense air, pushing it into the return ducts. It is then conveyed back to the furnace, where the process begins again.
What Are the Main Components of a Furnace?
Components of furnaces vary with the model, though the following elements are common to all devices:
- Thermostat: When the temperature is changed, this device activates the furnace’s heating cycle, sending signals to the control board.
- Burners: They ignite gas, propane, or other fuels to heat the air.
- Draft Hood or Fan: These components draw air into the burners and direct the exhaust outside.
- Heat Exchanger: A series of metal tubes that transfer heat from the burners to incoming air.
- Blower: This part directs heated air through ducts to distribute it throughout the house.
- Flue: A channel that directs combustion gases away from the home.
What Are the Signs You Need Furnace Repairs?
Common problems with furnaces are often due to faulty equipment, inadequate maintenance, or age. As the devices grow older, they become less efficient and more prone to producing gases like carbon monoxide. Their wiring and moving parts are also more susceptible to wear and tear. Protect your home from dangerous gases by installing carbon monoxide and smoke detectors. Faulty wiring or broken thermostats will require immediate attention.
Abnormal smells, inadequate heat, or persistent noises are also key signs you need furnace repair. These issues are usually caused by problems with the combustion process, leaky ductwork, or faulty thermostats. If you notice something is wrong with your system, make a note of what you observe, shut off the unit, and contact a Brownsburg furnace repair company to schedule repairs immediately.